Article | Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research | Lovable Anarchism: Campus Protest in Japan From the 1990s to Today

Title:
Lovable Anarchism: Campus Protest in Japan From the 1990s to Today
Author:
Carl Cassegård: Dept. of Sociology and Work Science, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
DOI:
10.3384/cu.2000.1525.146361
Read article:
Full article (pdf)
Year:
2014
Volume:
6
Theme:
Theme: Social Movements - Ritual Space and Media Edited by Madeleine Hurd

Pages:
361-382
No. of pages:
23
Publication type:
Article
Published:
2014-04-17


This is a paper on the transformation of campus activism in Japan since the 1990’s. Japan’s so-called freeter movements (movements of young men and women lacking regular employment) are often said to have emerged as young people shifted their base of activism from campuses to the “street”. However, campuses have continued to play a role in activism. Although the radical student organisations of the New Left have waned, new movements are forming among students and precarious university employees in response to neoliberalization trends in society and the precarization of their conditions. This transformation has gone hand in hand with a shift of action repertoire towards forms of direct action such as squatting, sitins, hunger strikes, and opening “cafĂ©s”. In this paper I focus on the development of campus protest in Kyoto from the mid-1990s until today to shed light on the following questions: How have campus-based activists responded to the neoliberalization of Japanese universities? What motivates them to use art or art-like forms of direct action and how are these activities related to space? I investigate the notions of space towards which activists have been oriented since the 1990’s, focusing on three notions: official public space, counter-space and no-man’s-land. These conceptions of space, I argue, are needed to account for the various forms campus protest has taken since the 1990s.

Keywords: Campus protest; Japan; precarity; direct action; space; counter-space

Volume 6, Theme: Theme: Social Movements - Ritual Space and Media Edited by Madeleine Hurd

, Article 19, 2014

Author:
Carl Cassegård
Title:
Lovable Anarchism: Campus Protest in Japan From the 1990s to Today:
DOI:
10.3384/cu.2000.1525.146361
References:

Aida, Makoto, ChimPom, Ichirō Endō, Rena Masuyama, Tetsuo Ogawa, Take Jun’ichirō (2008): “Aozora zatsudankai”, BT Bijutsu techō 60(907):84-95.

Amamiya, Karin (2007): Ikisasero! Nanminka suru wakamonotachi, Tokyo: Ōta shuppan.

Amamiya, Karin (2009): “Union Ekusutashī, mukigen sutoraiki ni totsunyū!!”,Magazine 9, blog entry 25 February 2009: http://www.magazine9.jp/karin/090225/ (accessed 6 May 2009).

Amamiya, Karin (2010): Hangeki karuchā, Tokyo: Kadokawa gakugei shuppan.

Ayotte-Thompson & Leah Freeman (2012): “The Quebec Student Movement”, Social Policy 42:3, 3-6.

Bose, Purnima (2012): “Faculty Activism and the Corporatization of the University”, American Quarterly 64:4, 815-818. DOI: 10.1353/aq.2012.0058

Caruso, Loris (2013): “New Value Patterns in Contemporary Social Movements: Local Protests, the Public Water Movement, and University Protests”, Capitalism Nature Socialism, 24:2, 41-54. DOI: 10.1080/10455752.2013.788857

Cassegård, Carl (2013): Youth Movements, Trauma and Alternative Space in Contemporary Japan, Leiden: Brill. DOI: 10.1163/9789004245921

Connell, Raewyn (2013): “The Neoliberal Cascade and Education: An Essay on the Market Agenda and its Consequences”, Critical Studies in Education 54:2, 99-112. DOI: 10.1080/17508487.2013.776990

Connery, Christopher L (2011): “Marches Through the Institutions: University Activism in the Sixties and Present”, Representations, 116, 88-111. DOI: 10.1525/rep.2011.116.1.88

Dunleavy, Patrick, Helen Margetts, Simon Bastow & Jane Tinkler (2006): “New Public Management is Dead: Long Live Digital-era Governance”, Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 16:3, 467-494. DOI: 10.1093/jopart/mui057

Endō, Reiko (2009): “Daigaku shokuin no koyō nengen mondai”, from Union Extasy’s blog, posted 1 May 2009: http://extasy07.exblog.jp/ (accessed 2009-07-06).

Goldfinch, Shaun (2004): “Examining the National University Corporation Plan and University Reform in Japan: Lessons from Higher Education Reform in New Zealand”, The Journal of Finance and Management in Colleges and Universities, 1, 231-261.

Habermas, Jürgen (1989): The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category of Bourgeois Society, Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Hayashi, Sharon & Anne McKnight (2005): “Good-bye Kitty, Hello War: The Tactics of Spectacle and New Youth Movements in Urban Japan”, positions, 13:1, 87-113.

Hommerich, Carola (2012): “The Advent of Vulnerability: Japan’s Free Fall through its Porous Safety Net”, Japan Forum 24:2, 205-232. DOI: 10.1080/09555803.2012.671842

Igarashi, Yoshikuni (2007): “Dead Bodies and Living Guns: The United Red Army and Its Deadly Pursuit of Revolution, 1971-1972”, Japanese Studies, 27:2, 119-137. DOI: 10.1080/10371390701494135

Inoue, Masaya (2008): “Rōdō to ekusutashī”, Peace Media, September-October; http://peacemedia.jp/writers/ue0808.html (accessed 2 August 2012).

Inoue, Masaya (2009): “Kaneko kantoku no otōsan no koto, shoshite suto no koto”, Peace Media, March-April, http://peacemedia.jp/writers/ue0903.html (accessed 30 November 2012).

Inoue, Masaya & Kasagi, Jō (2005): “Ishigaki Kafe! Fyūchā pōvera!”,Kyōto Daigaku Shinbun 16 October 2005 & 1 November 2005: http://ishigakicafe.hp.infoseek.co.jp/dialogue.html (accessed 29 June 2006).

Inoue, Masaya & Ogawa, Kyōhei (2009): “Rōdō ni yorokobi o! ‘Yunion ekusutashī’ no tatakai”, Ortā, 5-6 (May-June): 36-41.

Kasagi, Jō (2006): “Ishigaki kafe – Yūgiteki jissen no kūkan”, Prospectus, 9, 59-68: http://www.bun.kyoto-u.ac.jp/phil/prospectus/index.html (accessed 6 February 2008).

Kohso, Sabu (2006): “Angelus Novus in Millennial Japan”, Tomiko Yoda & Harry Harootunian (eds): Japan after Japan: Social and Cultural Life from the Recessionary 1990s to the Present, Durham: Duke University Press, 415-438.

Lagalisse, Erica (2012): “The Quebec Student Movement Boils Over”, Radical Philosophy 174 (July/August): 59-60.

Lefebvre, Henri (1991): The Production of Space, Oxford: Blackwell.

Matsumoto, Hajime (2008a): Binbōnin no gyakushū, Tokyo: Chikuma shobō.

Matsumoto, Hajime (2008b): Binbōnin daihanran, Tokyo: Asupekuto.

Matsumoto, Hajime (2009): “No 10 Kyoto ni tatekomori sakusen”, Magazine 9-jō: Matsumoto Hajime no nobinobi daisakusen; entry 10 June 2009: http://www.magazine9.jp/matsumoto/090610/ (accessed 26 November 2009).

McNeill, David (2009): “Rumpus on campus: Prestigious university in Tokyo has become a battleground in a war over freedom of political expression”, Japan Times, 9 June 2009, http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/fl20090609zg.html (accessed 18 August 2009)

Mōri, Yoshitaka (2005): “Culture = Politics: The Emergence of New Cultural Forms of Protest in the Age of Freeter”, Inter-Asia Cultural Studies 6:1,17-29. DOI: 10.1080/1462394042000326888

Mōri, Yoshitaka (2009a): Sutorīto no shisō, Tokyo: NHK Bukkusu.

Mōri, Yoshitaka (2009b): “Kōkotsu no kumai?Yunion ekusutashō at Kyoto daigaku”, Hajimete no DiY, 42, http://wwwx.fujitv.co.jp/zoo/blog/index.jsp?cid=191&tid=45 (accessed 1 February 2010).

Nagata, Kazuaki (2010): “Students stage Rally to Protest Time-consuming Job-search ‘Farce’”, Japan Times, 23 November 2010: http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20101123x2.html (accessed 24 November 2010).

Noiz (2009): “‘Saundodemo’ shikō”, Anakizumu, 12, 3-34.

Ogawa, Kyōhei (1997): “Hiroba to akichi: Bonboyāju to Kinji no tochū hōkoku”, Gendai Shisō,25:5, 225-235.

Ogawa, Kyōhei (2006): “30 nichi”, Kyototto, http://kyototto.com/archives/151 (accessed 3 September 2009).

Ogawa, Kyōhei (2009a): “The Kubi Kubi Café at Kyoto University Keeps on Going”, Japonesia Review, 6.

Ogawa, Kyōhei (2009b): “Somosomo josei rōdō no sakushu no mondai datta”, Union Extasy, 2009-02-21; http://extasy07.exblog.jp/ (accessed 6 July 2009).

Ogawa, Kyōhei (2009c): “S/N 1995 Kyoto”, Kyototto; http://kyototto.com/archives/594 (accessed 3 September 2009)

Ogawa, Kyōhei (2010a): “Kyōdai tokeidai-mae de suwarikomi, Kubikubi kafe ichinen to naru”, Impaction 173 (March), 79-87.

Ogawa, Kyōhei (2010b): “Gonen de kubi ni hantai shite sutoraiki”, Minna no toshokan, 395 (March), 28-35.

Ogawa, Kyōhei (2010c): “Nukadoko ni tsuite”, Union Extasy, 2010-03-19; http://extasty07.exblog.jp/12315217/ (accessed 20 March 2010).

Ogawa, Kyōhei & Tetsuo Ogawa (1999): “Isōrō raifu”, Dameren sengen!, Tokyo: Sakuhinsha, 235-248.

Oguma, Eiji (2009): 1968: Hanran no shūen to sono isan, Vol. 2, Tokyo: Shin’yōsha.
PAFF (2003): “Setsuritsu ni mukete no kakunin jikō”, http://freeter-union.org/resource/confirmation.html (accessed 11 January 2011).

Rancière, Jacques (1999): Disagreement: Politics and Philosophy, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Ribault, Thierry (2010): “Au Japon, la liste noire des étudiants endettés”, Rue89, 7 April 2010: http://www.rue89.com/2010/04/07/au-japon-la-liste-noire-des-etudiants-endettes-146326 (accessed 8 April 2010).

Saitō, Ikuma (2009): “Hōsei daigaku, gakusei undō daidan’atsu”, Jōkyō 10:6, 195-201.

Shinohara, Masatake (2005): “Mukidashi no toppi na nichijō – Ishigaki kafe to wa nan datta no ka?”,Gendai shisō 33:12, 194-204.

Shiraishi, Yoshiharu (2008): “Gakuhi zero en wa Tōyako samitto kara hajimaru”, VOL, No. 03:172-173.

Shiraishi, Yoshiharu & Hideshi Ōno (eds) (2005): Neoribe gendai seikatsu hihan josetsu, Tokyo: Shinhyōron.

Shishido, Yūki (2005): “Kyōto Hyakumanben Ishigaki sōdō”, Impaction, 147, 200-202.

Steinhoff, Patricia (2012): “Japan: Student Activism in an Emergent Democracy”, Meredith L. Weiss & Edward Aspinall (eds): Student Activism in Asia: Between Protest and Powerlessness, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 57-78.

Suga, Hidemi (2003): Kakumeiteki na, amari ni kakumeiteki na – “1968 nen no kakumei” shiron, Tokyo: Sakuhinsha.

Suga, Hidemi (2006): 1968 nen, Tokyo: Chikuma shobō.

Suga, Hidemi & Hanasaki, Masanosuke (eds) (2006): Neoribeka suru kōkyōken – kaimetsu suru daigaku shiminshakai kara no jiritsu, Tokyo: Akashi shoten.

Tabata, Hirokuni (2005): “The Incorporation and Economic Structural Reform of Japan’s National Universities”, Social Science Japan Journal 8:1, 91-102. DOI: 10.1093/ssjj/jyi020

Takemura, Masato (2008): “Oashisu purojekuto ni sōgū shite”, PACE, 4, 14-16.

Toyama, Kōichi (2008): Aoi Mūbumento, Tokyo: Sairyūsha.

Union Extasy (2007): “Setsuritsu shushisho”, Union Extasy, 29 May 2007: http://extasy07.exblog.jp/5783427 (accessed 6 May).

Yabu, Shirō (2009): “Hōsei daigaku mondai ni kan suru shokan to tekiki”, Jōkyō 10:6, 202-203.

Yamada, Shirō (2008): “Motto momeyō! Goneyō! Aru gakusei no hansuto”, 03, 168-171.

Yamada, Shirō & U-ja Kim, Shôtarô Toyama & Hiromi Horikawa & Makoto Masui, Takanori Yamamoto (2010): “Gakusei undō no kanōsei o kangaeru”, Impaction 173 (March),18-45.

Yamamura Takeyū (1997a): “Sabaku no mae ni nani ga atta no ka, machi no ato ni nani ga dekita no ka – Kinji hausu o furikaette”, Zankyō tsūshin No. 11; http://zankyo.relove.org/zankyo/zankyo11/zankyo11.html#anchor470988 (accessed 30 November 2009).

Yamamura Takeyū (1997b): “Okujō kaihō”, Zankyō tsūshin No. 14; http://zankyo.relove.org/zankyo/zankyo14/zankyo14.html (accessed 30 November 2009).

Yanbe, Yūhei (2010): “Daigaku hiseiki kyōshokuin no ‘ashita no tame ni’”, Impaction 173 (March), 54-59.

Yonezawa, Akiyoshi (2013): “Challenges for Top Japanese Universities When Establishing a New Global Identity”, Jung Cheol Shin & Barbara M. Kehm, (eds): Institutionalization of World-Class University in Global Competition, Dordrecht: Springer, 125-143.

Volume 6, Theme:: Theme: Social Movements - Ritual Space and Media Edited by Madeleine Hurd

, Article 19, 2014

Author:
Carl Cassegård
Title:
Lovable Anarchism: Campus Protest in Japan From the 1990s to Today:
DOI:
10.3384/cu.2000.1525.146361
Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
Citations:
No citations available at the moment
 

Export in BibTex, RIS or text