Article | Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research | Degrees of Intersectionality: Male Rap Artists in Sweden Negotiating Class, Race and Gender

Title:
Degrees of Intersectionality: Male Rap Artists in Sweden Negotiating Class, Race and Gender
Author:
Kalle Berggren: Department of Sociology, Uppsala University, Sweden
DOI:
10.3384/cu.2000.1525.135189
Read article:
Full article (pdf)
Year:
2013
Volume:
5
Theme:
Theme: Feminist Cultural Studies Edited by Fanny Ambjörnsson & Hillevi Ganetz

Pages:
189-211
No. of pages:
23
Publication type:
Article
Published:
2013-06-12


“Intersectionality” has become a highly influential concept in gender research over the last 25 years. Debates have focused on differences and power asymmetries between women, in terms of race but also addressing class, age, sexuality, ability and nation. However, intersectional paradigms have been used to a much lesser extent in gender studies on men. This article seeks to contribute to an emerging discussion about intersectionality and masculinity by analyzing rap lyrics in Swedish songs. The data consists of a broad sample of rap lyrics by male artists 1991-2011, which is analyzed through poststructuralist discourse analysis and queer phenomenology. The analysis shows how classed discourses can be described in terms of orientation and flow, how racialization is articulated in terms of place, and the role of normative notions of gender and sexuality in anti-racist discourses. It is argued that this interconnectedness – class being related to race, which in turn is profoundly gendered – is neither well captured by the prevailing notion of “masculinities” in gender studies on men, nor by the “constitution” vs. “addition” dichotomy in intersectionality debates. Instead, it is suggested that degrees of intersectionality might be a more fruitful way of theorizing intersectionality in rela-tion to men.

Keywords: Intersectionality; hip hop; rap lyrics; men and masculinities; racialization; class; queer phenomenology; Sweden.

Volume 5, Theme: Theme: Feminist Cultural Studies Edited by Fanny Ambjörnsson & Hillevi Ganetz

, Article 14, 2013

Author:
Kalle Berggren
Title:
Degrees of Intersectionality: Male Rap Artists in Sweden Negotiating Class, Race and Gender:
DOI:
10.3384/cu.2000.1525.135189
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  • Discography

  • Adam Tensta (2007): It’s a Tensta Thing, K-Werks.
  • Advance Patrol (2003): Utskrivna, Playground.
  • Advance Patrol (2006): Aposteln, Playground.
  • Advance Patrol (2007): Enligt AP, Gonza Music.
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  • Crafoord. Schmidt & Talvik (2010): ”Flyter” (campaign song for Moderaterna).
  • Fjärde världen (2004): Gatumusikanterna, Devrim.
  • Infinite Mass (1995): The Infinite Patio, Rooftop.
  • Ison & Fille (2004): Ison & Fille, Hemmalaget.
  • Just D (1995): Plast, Telegram.
  • LoopTroop (2001): “Jag sköt Palme”, Jakten på underorden, StreetZone Records.
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  • The Latin Kings (2000): Mitt kvarter, Redline Records.
  • Timbuktu (2003): The botten is nådd, Juju Records.
  • Volume 5, Theme:: Theme: Feminist Cultural Studies Edited by Fanny Ambjörnsson & Hillevi Ganetz

    , Article 14, 2013

    Author:
    Kalle Berggren
    Title:
    Degrees of Intersectionality: Male Rap Artists in Sweden Negotiating Class, Race and Gender:
    DOI:
    10.3384/cu.2000.1525.135189
    Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
    Citations:
  • Maria Eriksso & Anna Johansson (2017). Tracking Gendered Streams. Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research, 9(2): 163. DOI: 10.3384/cu.2000.1525.1792163
  • Kalle Berggren (2014). Hip hop feminism in Sweden: Intersectionality, feminist critique and female masculinity. European Journal of Women's Studies, 21(3): 233. DOI: 10.1177/1350506813518761
  • Kalle Berggren (2014). Sticky Masculinity. Men and Masculinities, 17(3): 231. DOI: 10.1177/1097184X14539510
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