Article | Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research | The City at Stake: “Stakeholder Mapping” The City 

Title:
The City at Stake: “Stakeholder Mapping” The City 
Author:
Sophie Esmann Andersen: Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University, Denmark Anne Ellerup Nielsen: Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus University, Denmark
DOI:
10.3384/cu.2000.1525.09119305
Read article:
Full article (pdf)
Year:
2009
Volume:
1
Theme:
Theme: City of Signs/Signs of the City
Pages:
305-329
No. of pages:
25
Publication type:
Article
Published:
2009-12-21


Studies of the city have been addressed from many different approaches such as law, political science, art history and public administration, in which the economic, political and legal status of the city have played a major role. However, a new agenda for conceptualizing the city has emerged, in which the city assumes new roles. By using stakeholder theory as a framework for conceptualizing the city, we argue that the city assumes a political-economic agenda-setting role as well as providing a stage for identity constructions and relational performances for consumers, organizations, the media, politicians and other stakeholders. Stakeholder theory allows us to conceptualize the city as being constituted by stakes and relationships between stakeholders which are approached from three analytical positions (modern, postmodern and hypermodern, respectively), thereby allowing us to grasp different stakes and types of relationships, ranging from functional and contractual relationships to individualized and emotionally driven or more non-committal and fluid forms of relationships. In order to support and illustrate the analytical potentials of our framework for conceptualizing urban living, we introduce a project which aims to turn the city of Aarhus into a CO2-neutral city by the year 2030, entitled Aarhus CO2030. We conclude that applying stakeholder theory to a hyper-complex organization such as a city opens up for a reconceptualization of the city as a web of stakes and stakeholder relations. Stakeholder theory contributes to a nuanced and elaborate understanding of the urban complexity and web of both enforced and voluntary relationships as well as the different types of relationships that characterize urban life.

Keywords: Stakeholder theory; concepts of the city; relationship; and climate change

Volume 1, Theme: Theme: City of Signs/Signs of the City, Article 19, 2009

Author:
Sophie Esmann Andersen, Anne Ellerup Nielsen
Title:
The City at Stake: “Stakeholder Mapping” The City :
DOI:
10.3384/cu.2000.1525.09119305
References:
  • Berg, Bruce (2004): Qualitative research methods for the social science, Boston: Alleyn & Bacon.
  • Bovaird, Tony (2008): “Emergent Strategic Management and Planning Mechanisms in Complex Adaptive Systems”, Public Management Review, 10:3, 319–341. [Read this article]
  • Brown, Tom J. & Peter A. Dacin (2006): “Corporate Branding, Identity, and Customer Response”, Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 34:2, 95–98. [Read this article]
  • Calton, Jerry M. & Nancy B. Kurland, (1995): “A theory of stakeholder enabling: giving voice to an emerging postmodern praxis of organizational discourse”, David M. Boje, Robert P. Gephart & Tojo J. Thatchenkery (eds): Postmodern Management and Organization Theory, London: Sage, 154–177.
  • Carroll, Archie B. (1989): “Management Ethics in the Workplace – An Investigation”, Management Quarterly, 30:#, 40–45.
  • Carroll, Archie B. (1993): “Three types of management planning: Making organizations work”, Management Quarterly, 34:1, 32–37.
  • Carroll, Archie B. (2008): “A history of corporate social responsibility – concepts and practices”, Andrew Crane, Abigail Mc Williams, Dirk Matten, Jeremy Moon, Donalds S. Siegel (eds.): The Oxford Handbook of Corporate Social Responsibility, Oxford University Press.
  • Castells, Manuel (2001): The Internet Galaxy. Reflections on the Internet, Business and Society, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Clarke, Thomas (1997): “Measuring and managing stakeholder relations”, Journal of Communication Management, 2:3, 211–221. [Read this article]
  • Cova, Bernard (1996): “The Postmodern Explained to Managers: Implications for Marketing”, Business Horizons, Nov-Dec, 15–23. [Read this article]
  • Crane, Andrew; Dirk Matten & Jeromy Moon (2004): “Stakeholders as Citizens? Rethinking Rights, Participation, and Democracy”, Journal of Business Ethics, 53, 107–122. [Read this article]
  • Derrida, Jacques (1978): Writing and difference, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
  • Driscoll, Cathy & Mark Starik (2004): “The primordial stakeholder: Advancing the conceptual consideration of the natural environment’s stakeholder status”, Journal of Business Ethics, 49:11, 55–73. [Read this article]
  • Fassin, Yves (2009): “The Stakeholder Model Refined”, Journal of Business Ethics, 84, 113–135. [Read this article]
  • Featherstone, Mike (1991): Consumer Culture and Postmodernism, London: Sage Publications.
  • Featherstone, Mike; Scott Lash & Robertson (eds.) (1995): Global Modernities, London/Thousand Oaks/New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Finnegan, Ruth (1998): Tales of the City: A Study of Narrative and Urban Life, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Firat, A. Fuat & Clifford J. Schultz II (1997): “From segmentation to fragmentation”, European Journal of Marketing, vol. 31, 3:4, 183–207. [Read this article]
  • Firat, A.Fuat & Dholakia Venkatesh (1995): “Liberatory Postmodernism and the Reenchantment of Consumption”, Journal of Consumer Research, 1995, 22:3, 239–267. [Read this article]
  • Freeman, Edward (1984): Strategic Management: A stakeholder approach, NY: Pitman.
  • Friedman, Andrew & Samantha Miles (2006): Stakeholders – theory and practice, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Giddens, Anthony (1990): The Consequences of Modernity, Cambridge: Polity Press.
  • Giddens, Anthony (1991): Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age, Stanford: University Press.
  • Graham, Stephen & Patsy Healey (1999): “Relational Concepts of Space and Place: Issues for Planning Theory and Practice”, European Planning Studies, 7:5, 623–647.
  • Healey, Patsy (2004) “Creativity and Urban Governance”, Policy Studies, 25, 82–102. [Read this article]
  • Healey, Payst (2006a): “Transforming governance: Challenges of institutional adaptation and a new politics of space1”, European Planning Studies, 14:3, 299–320. [Read this article]
  • Healey, Patsy (2006b): “Collaborative Planning in Perspective”, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 26:1, 92–106.
  • Horton, Silvia (2006): “New Public Management: its impact on public servant’s identity”, International Journal of Public Sector Management, 19:6, 533–542. [Read this article]
  • Kotler, Philip; Donald H. Haider & Irving Rein (1993): Marketing Places, NY: The Free Press.
  • Landry, Charles (2000): The Creative City, London: Earthscan.
  • Lipovetsky, Gilles (2005): Hypermodern Times, London: Polity Press.
  • Lipovetsky, Gilles (2006): Le Bonheur Paradoxal, Paris: NRF Essais.
  • Littler, Jo (2009): Radical Consumption: Shopping for change in contemporary culture, Berkshire: McGraw Hill/Open University Press.
  • Lury, Celia (2003): Consumer Culture, Cambridge: Cambridge Polity Press
  • Lyotard, Jean-Francis (1984): The postmodern condition: A report on knowledge, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  • Maffesoli, Michel (1996): The Time of the Tribes, London: Sage Publications.
  • Mitchel, Ronald K., Bradley R. Agle & Donna J. & Wood (1997): “Toward a theory of stakeholder identification and salience: Defining the principle of who and what really counts”, Academy of Management Review, 22, 853–886. [Read this article]
  • Neville, Benjamin & Bulent Menguc (2006): “Stakeholder Multiplicity”, Journal of Business Ethics, 66:4, 377–391. [Read this article]
  • Pollitt, Christopher & Geert Bouckaert (2000): Public Management Reform – a comparative analysis, Oxford: University Press.
  • Portugali, Juval (2000): Self-Organization and the City, Belin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Ritzer, George (2008): McDonaldization of Society 5, LA: Pine Forge Press.
  • Simpson, Dick & Tom M. Kelly (2008): “The New Chicago School of Urbanism and the New Daley Machine”, Urban Affairs Review, 14:2, 218–238. [Read this article]
  • Starik, Mark (1995): “Should trees have managerial standing? Toward stakeholder status for non-human nature”, Journal of Business Ethics, 14:3, 207–218. [Read this article]
  • Stohl, Michael; Cynthia Stohl and Nikki C. Townsley (2007): “A new generation of global corporate social responsibility”, The Debate over Corporate Social Responsibility, Steve May, George Cheney & Juliet Roper (eds.), Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Tönnies, Ferdinand (1887/1957): Community and Association, Michigan: Michigan State University Press.
  • Trueman, Myfanwy; Mary Klemm & Alexe Giroud (2004): “Can a City Communicate? Bradford as a corporate brand”, Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 9:4, 317–330. [Read this article]
  • Virgo, Ben & Lesley de Chernatony (2006): “Delphic Brand Visioning to Align Stakeholder Buy-in to the City of Birmingham Brand”, Brand Management, 13:6, 379–392.
  • Weber, Max (1947): The Theory of Social and Economic Organizations, NY: Free Press.
  • Weick, Karl E. (1995): Sensemaking in organizations, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
  • Volume 1, Theme:: Theme: City of Signs/Signs of the City, Article 19, 2009

    Author:
    Sophie Esmann Andersen, Anne Ellerup Nielsen
    Title:
    The City at Stake: “Stakeholder Mapping” The City :
    DOI:
    10.3384/cu.2000.1525.09119305
    Note: the following are taken directly from CrossRef
    Citations:
  • Bjoern Asmussen, Sally Harridge-March, Nicoletta Occhiocup & Jillian Farquhar (2013). The multi-layered nature of the internet-based democratization of brand management. Journal of Business Research, 66(9): 1473. DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2012.09.010
  • Michael B. Goodman, Trine Susanne Johanse & Anne Ellerup Nielsen (2011). Strategic stakeholder dialogues: a discursive perspective on relationship building. Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 16(3): 204. DOI: 10.1108/13563281111156871
  • Åsa Thelande & Filippa Säwe (2015). The challenge of internal stakeholder support for co-creational branding strategy. Public Relations Inquiry, 4(3): 323. DOI: 10.1177/2046147X15573882
  •  

    Export in BibTex, RIS or text